Job Analysis Essay

15288 Words Oct 8th, 2015 62 Pages
Milkovich−Newman:
Compensation, Eighth
Edition

I. Internal Alignment:
Determining the Structure

4. Job Analysis

© The McGraw−Hill
Companies, 2004

Chapter Four
Job Analysis
Chapter Outline
Structures Based on Jobs, People, or
Both
Job-Based Approach: Most Common
Why Perform Job Analysis?
Job Analysis Procedures
What Information Should Be Collected?
Job Data: Identification
Job Data: Content
Employee Data
“Essential Elements” and the Americans with Disabilities Act
Level of Analysis
How Can the Information Be Collected?
Conventional Methods
Quantitative Methods

Who Collects the Information?
Who Provides the Information?
What about Discrepancies?
Job Descriptions Summarize the Data
Describing
…show more content…
If pay is to be based on work performed, some way is needed to discover and describe the differences and similarities among these jobs—observation alone is not enough. Job analysis is that systematic method.
85

Milkovich−Newman:
Compensation, Eighth
Edition

I. Internal Alignment:
Determining the Structure

© The McGraw−Hill
Companies, 2004

4. Job Analysis

86 Part One Internal Alignment: Determining the Structure

STRUCTURES BASED ON JOBS, PEOPLE, OR BOTH
Exhibit 4.1 outlines the process for constructing a work-related internal structure. No matter the approach, the process begins by looking at people at work. Job-based structures look at the tasks the people are doing and the expected outcomes; skill- and competency-based structures look at the person. However, the underlying purpose of each phase of the process, called out in the left-hand column of the exhibit, remains the same for both job- and person-based structures: (1) collect and summarize information that identifies similarities and differences, (2) determine what is to be valued, (3) quantify the relative value, and (4) translate the relative value

EXHIBIT 4.1
Many Ways to Create
Internal
Structure

Business- and Work-Related
Internal Structure

Person Based

Job Based

Skill

Competencies

(Chapter 6)

(Chapter 6)

PURPOSE
Collect, summarize Job analysis work information
Job descriptions
(Chapter 4)

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