Jim Crow Research Paper

1660 Words 7 Pages
The constitution 's 13th amendment, ratified in 1865, abolished slavery in the United States, but provided an exception in cases where persons have been 'duly convicted ' in the United States and territory it controls, which states that slavery or involuntary servitude can be reimposed as a punishment.
African Americans as a whole make up 13.6 percent of the entire U.S. population, but black men reportedly make up 40.2 percent of all prison inmates. There are more African American men in prison and jail, or on probation and parole, than were slaves before the start of the Civil War (Alexander, 2010). The amendment and the stats are no coincidence it is intentional and deliberate in 2002, blacks constituted more than 80% of the people sentenced
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The act was first performed in 1828 and was adapted as the official name to be used for laws that would degrade, exclude and disenfranchise African Americans for most of the 20th century. When Thomas Dartmouth (“Daddy”) Rice the author of “Jump Jim Crow” first performed it I am sure he did not anticipate the profound effect that he would have on American history (Editors of Encyclopaedia Britanica, 2014). During the Jim Crow ere there were separate restrooms, restaurants, buses and drinking fountains for whites and blacks, and public places such as schools, buses and restaurants were also segregated. From the 1880’s through the 1960’s the racial caste system in this country not only separated and segregated it basically shaped the economic, educational and social disadvantages that African Americans face …show more content…
More than half of working-age African – American males are either in prison, or under some type of judicial supervision (Alexander, 2010). There is a direct link to the inequity in penalizing crack cocaine offenses vs. powdered cocaine offenses and the number of black men in the system. According to the NAACP: 5 times as many whites use illicit and illegal drugs compared to African Americans, yet African Americans are incarcerated for drug offences 10 times the rate of whites. Blacks represent 12% of drug users in this country, but 38% of those arrested for drug crimes, and 59% of those in prison for these types of offenses (NAACP, 2009). It just doesn’t add up, when you pay close attention to the numbers and the factors that lead to and contribute to the outcomes you have to admit that unfortunately it seems to make sense and appears to be intentionally set up this way. There has been a century long campaign in America to deprive blacks, specifically black men of education, family, and employment which leads to incarceration and a permanent and legal slavery. The imbalance not only exists in the criminal justice system, but in the public school system as well, this is actually where it all starts, according to the Department of Education, students of color face harsher punishments in school and are arrested far more often than their white

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