Jigsaw Classroom Case Study

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Jigsaw Classroom, was a teaching model that was created by Elliot Aronson. The original purpose of the model was to create an atmosphere that was conducive for having students rely on each other for learning information. In 1971, Austin Texas, Jigsaw Classroom was first used to help aid in the integration of a particular school. Before, Aronson used the model, it was apparent that there was a divide in students of different racial backgrounds. It was reported that there were frequent fights between white, hispanic, and african american students. Aronson, found that the tension between racial groups was being fueled by the competitive nature of the classroom’s current environment. The reason’s why the Jigsaw Classroom was so effective, was the …show more content…
Step one, is the division of the classroom into groups of five or six. Stage two, is the election (by the teacher) of a leader of each group, this is usually the most mature student. Stage three, is where the day 's lesson is divided into five to six steps. Step four, is giving a topic to each student of their respected groups. This four initial steps are a set up for the initial lesson. Not until five through ten is actually learning and mastery involved. Stage five, is the phase where the students become experts of their assigned topics. This stage can be referred to as the expert stage. The sixth stage, is where experts of the same topic come together into “expert groups” and they share their information to get a more clarified view of what their topic is about. Step seven, is to bring the students back together into their original groups. Eight, is the where the students comeback together and share their individual topics. Step nine, is important and requires the teacher 's judgement. The teacher floats from group to group and observes how the students interact with each other. Also let it be noted that the leader is assessed from each group and the teacher can intervene when necessary. The final step is one of the most important. Ten, the administration of a quiz of type of assessment. The reason why this is so important, is the fact that if one student lacks the ability to pay attention to another group member, the …show more content…
Obviously, the Jigsaw Classroom has many pros and many years of practical application. There are some apparent flaws with its steps and execution. One of the biggest pros of the Jigsaw Classroom, is the mixture of teaching styles. On one hand it 's very student-centered, the students are responsible for their action, however the teacher is overseeing the process in which they are. The assessment can be seen as a very direct way of teaching, because the teacher is in complete control of how they give the test and how it is graded. There could also be case made for the Interactive teaching style, because the students are working together and rely on each other to learn material. With all this being said, there are some problems that can arise when using this type of teaching Model. Students who are solitary learners are not comfortable with learning in group environment. Also, students with a very outgoing and energetic personality, might take over the group and become the new leader. These types of people might also become annoyed with people that are slow

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