Jfk and the Cold War Essay

1090 Words Nov 28th, 2013 5 Pages
The Cold War (1945-1991) was basically an ideological standoff between the ideas of Communism supported by the Russians and Democracy/Capitalism supported by the Americans. Communism is a political ideology which has the central principle of ¡§communal or communist ownership¡¨ of all property and therefore the abolition of private property. Democracy is a form of government in which the people vote, have a representative government and via these representatives ¡§govern themselves¡¨. During the period between 1961 to 1963, Nikita S. Khrushchev represented Communism and ruled Russia, while John F. Kennedy embodied democracy and lead America. The two leaders differed in their foreign policies as is evident by the Berlin Wall incident and the …show more content…
When Stalin died in 1953, Khrushchev used his wit to thrust all his opponents for leadership, including Malenkov. He became both Party Secretary and controlled the government through his associate Marshal Bulganin, who he named Premier. He ruled from 1956 to 1964.
John F. Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, On May 29, 1917. He graduated from Harvard in 1940 and ¡¥turned his senior thesis into a best selling book, Why England Slept¡¦. He then became a War hero in World War II, when he led the survivors of his boat, (which had been hit be a Japanese torpedo), through ¡¥perilous waters to safety¡¦. Back from War he wrote Profiles in Courage, which won the Pulitzer Prize in history. ¡¥Bypassing the regular Democratic party machinery, he relied instead on his friends and family to help him,¡¦ and by 1961 won the election and became president of America.
Nikita S. Khrushchev and John F. Kennedy differed in there foreign policies because Khrushchev wanted other countries to adopt a communist system of government, while John F. Kennedy wanted nations to implement democracy as their primary system of government. Although both leaders believed in ¡¥peaceful co-existence¡¦, they really meant ¡¥peaceful competition¡¦ to see which system of government the world would favour more.
During Nikita S. Khrushchev¡¦s rule of Russia he wanted to maintain strong soviet control over the communist nations of Eastern Europe. This fact was emphasized by

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