Jerome Bruner 's Theory Of Instruction Essay

791 Words Nov 16th, 2016 4 Pages
Jerome Bruner was born in New York, New York on October 1st, 1915 to parents Herman and Rose Bruner. He attended Duke University out of high school in 1937, then moved on to Harvard University in 1941 where he received his Ph.D in 1947. He went on to serve as a social psychologist for the U.S Army intelligence during WWII. This experience caused him to become interested in how teaching works in the United States . Jerome was thus invited to a two week meeting which included many scholars and educators in 1959 at Cape Cod. This convention resulted in his 1960 book The Process of Education, which in turn became the basis for many programs and experiments during the 60 's. Afterwards he joined other committees like the President 's Advisory Panel of Education.
To Bruner it was more important that a child knows how to use what they already know to create and invent new things around them than to just understand concepts and procedures. He stated that a theory of instruction should include susceptibility to learning, how the information should be structured so the learner can easily understand it, an effective sequence to present the information, and how frequent rewards and punishments are given. This was known as the Constructivist Theory. Bruner thought that the way in which material is stored in a child 's memory could be broken down into three parts; En-active, Iconic, and Symbolic. En-active mode takes place from birth to age one and is action based. For example a child…

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