Jeddah City Case Study

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4. CONCLUSION
Public spaces are an essential part of cities urban life. They continuously reflect the combination of cities' cultural, values, history in urban contexts. Repetitive behavior setting in Jeddah city is almost typical along the Corniche, it forms a unique social configuration that required to be applied in urban spaces' design as a characterized image and specific identity.

4.1 Results
The measurement process of Jeddah Corniche spatial system resulted in the following:
- Sensing the sociability in the Corniche micro-zones is questionable, due to the absence of the mental image that refers to the behavior setting along with its spaces, except for sensing a conflict between the inherited users' activities and space universal style.
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The Wider spaces in front of mosques are physical and psychological achieving the sanctity of the place, but this feeling is interrupted by undefined context or border. The missing unity and diversity in its urban context design impede sensing the major context. Therefore; by interning any zone along the Corniche, it takes few seconds to recognize or sense the space.
- Amenities, as repetitive mental images, aren't distributed in rhyme suits the Arabian behavior setting in the public spaces, in additions, their types are according to universal style more than being a specific kind of use. Their designs as public art, especially sculptures, don't support the mental legibility, they follow the universal style more than referring to a certain concept or the socio-historical aspects. Their concepts aren’t convenient enough for families, so the reaction to the common elements is by avoiding or ignoring, that is considered a breaking up with the public
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4.2 Recommendations:
Public space identity is an intangible sense could be realized through a delicate design for a specific users' behavior. The results showed the weakness in achieving an appropriate social or cultural identity in design that fit the configuration of Jeddah community. The repetitive behavior setting along the Jeddah Corniche requires an urban design process achieves three equations; the inherited values and contemporary, the openness and privacy, and the heritage and universal style. Those could be utilized in the urban design process by the following:
- The module of urban context is required to fit users' unique repetitive pattern in the public realm, as their behavior setting has a rhyme in use could create a unique identified pattern.
- The micro-zones' shape and area are required to fit the strong ancestor habits of grouping in remoteness atmosphere, the micro-spatial system; as shape and area; is required to achieve segregation for privacy among the holistic public realm along the Corniche

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