Jean Watson's Theory Of Nursing Theory

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The theories of nursing that take a holistic approach to explaining the phenomenon of nursing care are theories that view a person as a whole entity rather than only focusing on the parts which comprise the individual. The whole person is greater than a sum of the parts that make up the person and an individual cannot be defined specifically by any of these parts. As Sethares and Gramling state, “life can be affected by illness but is not necessarily defined by it” (Sethares & Gramling, 2014). A disease process or diagnosis may be an aspect that is present within a person but cannot comprise the entire identity of that person. For example, it is not uncommon for healthcare professionals to refer to patients as diabetics, a simple shift in language by referring to them as people with diabetes affirms the fact that they still have an identity that is being recognized separate from the disease they are being treated for. In a holistic approach to nursing, it is not enough to treat a disease or diagnosis, nurses must also treat the individual as a whole.
Jean Watson’s theory of human caring and the Neuman systems model developed by Betty Neuman are both holistic approaches to nursing theory. In Watson’s theory,
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Central to Watson’s theory is the concept of caring. She examines with clarity the roles that compassion and altruism play in the phenomena that occur in nursing. Watson’s theory of nursing, the theory of human caring, is composed of ten principle ideas know as Watson’s ten carative factors. The carative factors reflect the view held by Watson that nursing is a unique discipline that is simultaneously a science and an art. The first three carative factors are the philosophy that explains the science of nursing. The remaining seven carative factors guide nursing intervention and decision making, and are in essence what make up the art of nursing (Nursing Theory,

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