Jean Watson Nursing Theory Essay

1262 Words 6 Pages

Jean Watson: The Theory of Human Caring

Malgorzata T. Guzda

NUR 410 Professional Roles, Issues and Nursing Theories


Jean Watson was born in southern West Virginia and grew up during the 1940s and 1959’s surrounded by extended family and community oriented environment. She graduated in 1961 from the Lewis Gale School of Nursing in Roanoke, Virginia.
Throughout her career, Watson’s Theory of Caring continued to evolve. Much of her current work began with the 1976 publication of Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring, which began as class notes for a course she was developing.
Watson’s theory is classified as a middle-range theory which main focus is interconnectedness of patient and nurse. It augments the importance nurse plays in patient’s life. By focusing on authentically caring about patient as a whole and appreciating the power of a meaningful therapeutic relationship nurses can facilitate healing.
This theory is very significant to nursing
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Nurses are constantly struggling with increased patients’ acuity, documentation that is becoming very detailed and time consuming, and increased demands from the management while trying to uphold professional and caring relationships with patients (Cara, 2003). What makes nursing a profession that is different from any other is the approach that allows nurses to preserve and practice the art of caring. Watson’s theory is essential in understanding that “…the traditional medical model can potentially reduce the human to body systems, or even further to individual cells or atoms, in order to cure a disease. The nursing model and medical model are complimentary to but different from one another and that both perspectives are valuable to the health of society (Ryan,

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