Japan Earthquake : Earthquake And Earthquake Essay

1131 Words Dec 6th, 2014 null Page
Japan Earthquake The Japan earthquake occurred off the Pacific coast of Tohoku on March 11, 2011 and was a magnitude 9.0 undersea earthquake. The earthquake is also often referred to in Japan as the Great East Japan Earthquake or the 2011 Tohoku earthquake. It was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded to hit Japan, and the fourth most powerful earthquake in the world since modern record keeping. The main earthquake was preceded by a number of foreshocks, and hundreds of aftershocks. Japan experienced over 1000 aftershocks since the earthquake has occurred, with 80 being over a magnitude of 6.0 and several over 7.0. Due the earthquake Japan was also struck with a major tsunami that brought a great amount of destruction along the Pacific coastline. The tsunami cause an estimated wave height of 38.9 meters (128ft) high causing thousands of lives being lost and towns devastated. The degree and extent of damage caused by the earthquake and tsunami were enormous with most of the damage coming from the tsunami. Japan’s National Police Agency estimated on April 3, 2011 that 45,700 building were destroyed and 144,300 were damaged by the disaster (Inajima & Okada, 2011). Three hundred hospitals were damaged, with 11 being completely destroyed (Inajima & Okada, 2011). Millions of people were left without electricity in Japan, it was estimated that 4.4 million households did not have electricity (Inajima & Okada, 2011). Oil, gas, and nuclear power plants were also severely…

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