James Monroe's Era Of Good Feelings In The United States

1358 Words 6 Pages
In May of 1793, George Washington instituted his Proclamation of Neutrality which helped to keep our young and fragile country out of unnecessary wars against the European powers of the Eastern Hemisphere. However, this was short-lived as by 1812, the United States was dragged into yet another war against Great Britain. The main motives behind the war were to gain freedom on the seas and to expand the country to the west. After two years of fighting, Great Britain and the United States came to an agreement and signed the Treaty of Ghent, which returned both nations to their pre-war conditions. A side effect, however, was that new western states were formed. The people who moved here were wary of the elites and supported the common man. This …show more content…
His presidency, however, brought about an era of controversy concerning the formation of intrastate infrastructure in order to eventually increase interstate commerce. In the early 19th century, Henry Clay put forth his American System numerous times before the House of Representatives. The goals of this new economic approach were to grant the federal government more powers and say over each individual state 's internal affairs. It would allow the federal government to raise tariffs protecting new American industries, increase prices of federal lands, in order to give funding to the states which would help to improve their transportation networks, and extend the strength of the national bank. Clay became persistent in presenting his system to the House, as it was vetoed every time by the Democratic Republican President. Being from this party affiliation, Monroe claimed that he had to follow the Constitution strictly and not stray from the words of the Founding Fathers. Because of this, however, infrastructure would be left up to the states to finance on their own. Clay, from March 30th to 31st, 1824, made yet another speech to the House about how the American System would help the United States in the long run. He was concerned that without his system the new industrial sector of the …show more content…
The federal government started to enact tariffs in order to protect the new industrial sector of the northeast beginning in 1816. However, the south was not in favor of the new protective tariffs because their main form of income relied heavily on exports and imports from the foreign powers as they were not industrialized. The south’s inability to industrialize proved detrimental in the following decades as it became a major issue during the Civil War. By 1828, the tariff rates increased by 45% bringing the south into an agricultural depression. John Calhoun, the vice president under both John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson, led The South Carolina Exposition and Protest, which suggested the states need to join together in order to get back their basic rights. Furthermore, Calhoun believed that the federal government could only pass tariffs for the purpose of revenue. He cites the Constitution which states, “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States;” Calhoun believes the Constitution does not explicitly state that the national government holds the power to pass protective tariffs in his speech on December 19, 1828 to Congress. He believes that the government is trying to increase the rate in which the regions will separate

Related Documents