James Madison And The United States Constitution Essay example

1021 Words Oct 1st, 2014 5 Pages
Essay #10 signed by Publius, who is assumed to be James Madison, is the argument for having factions, or interest groups, in politics. Essay # 10 is the tenth Federalist Papers, which aimed at convincing the ratification of the United States Constitution.
Citizens that supported the ratification of the Constitution were called the “Federalists.” They believed in a strong national government. Those who opposed the Constitution were called the “Anti-Federalists,” whom wanted a state-based constitution. The Federalists were successful in having the Constitution ratified.
Summary
James Madison defines a faction as “a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens.” He states that there are two options in fixing the problem that are caused by factions: removing its causes or by controlling its effects.
The first would work because liberty would take away the reasoning for the factions. “There are again two methods of removing the causes of faction: the one, by destroying the liberty which is essential to its existence; the other, by giving to every citizen the same opinions, the same passions, and the same interests.” However, political life depends on liberty to thrive. Liberty is also the reason for the American Revolutionary War that ended only four years prior to this essay.
The second option to remove the…

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