Captain James Cook: English Explorer

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James Cook: Captain James Cook was an English explorer in the 1700s who was in search of the “Southern Continent” which he didn’t believe really existed. He went on three big expeditions; the first was from 1768 to 1771, when he sailed from Plymouth, England to Brazil, around Cape Horn, Africa, and to Tahiti where he stayed for a while, then to New Zealand, Australia, and Java to prove they weren’t part of a larger southern continent. His second expedition took him to Antarctica and many of the same places from 1772 through 1775, and on his third expedition from 1776 through 1779 he searched for a Northwest Passage in North America and Asia, exploring the Pacific, and finally landed in The Sandwich Islands where he was killed.
John Cabot:
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He was born in Norway but raised in Iceland. He sailed west from the Snaefellsnes Peninsula with a crew in 982 and found Gunnbjorn’s islands. He then landed on and explored Greenland, which he named to make it sound nice and encourage settlement, for it was really covered in ice.
Henry Hudson: Hudson was an (yet another) English explorer who lived from 1565 to 1611 and explored in the early 1600s before his death. He had two unsuccessful sailing explorations for an ice-free route to Asia. In his later voyages he discovered water bodies in “the New World” that were named after himself: the Hudson River, the Hudson Bay, and the Hudson Strait.
Lief Erikson: Erikson (/Eriksson/ Ericson?) is the second son of the aforementioned Erik the Red (Erik’s son) said to be born shortly after 1000 A.D. He converted to Christianity and was sent to Greenland by King Olaf I of of Norway to “Christianize the natives.” Of course, like all the others, he did not reach his destination and instead landed on new land which he called Vinland, now known as Nova Scotia.
Abu Bakar II: Also known as the Voyager King, Abubakari II was an African explorer in the 1300s. He came across North America approximately 200 years before Columbus did. Once a Muslim emperor, he passed the throne to his brother, Mansa Musa, in pursuit of
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He explored in the north, navigating Alaska, which at the time was owned by Russia. His mission was the exploration of the North American and Siberian shores, which he eventually concluded were not connected.
Ibn Battuta’s Travels: Battuta was a Muslim traveler throughout the 1300s, whose original goal was simply to go on a trip to the Muslim city Mecca, or a Hajj, but ended up traveling approximately 75,000 miles of Islamic Asia over the course of 29 years. His exploration is recorded in a story called “Rihla” or “My Travels.”
Amerigo Vespucci: Like Marco Polo, Vespucci was a merchant from Italy, but Vespucci actually knew what he was doing. He travelled in the late 15th century C.E. in the name of Spain, with the mission of exploring the “New World.” He explored the Caribbean and Central American islands, with false credit for the discovery.
Bartholomeu Dias: Bartolomeu Dias was a Portuguese mariner in the late 1400s who opened a sea route from Europe to Asia by rounding the south Africa, and clearly many explorers followed suit. Dias explored many new lands, naming them as he went

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