James Cook's Contribution to the Development of the British Empire
The purpose of this paper is to describe the life and the contribution to the development of the British Empire of one of the most important English explorers. It was in the second half of the 18th century when James Cook, originally a poor farm boy, explored and mapped vast uncharted areas of the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean. However, James Cook was not only' an explorer. He can also be called a scientist he managed to introduce new principles into seafaring and cartography.
For better understanding, the paper is divided into five chapters. The first chapter is the introduction, which throws light on the purpose and …show more content…
Not only rich people profited from Britain's world supremacy but also ordinary Britons felt superior; in comparison with the other European nations they were better fed and had better dwellings. The feeling of superiority was supported by the government propaganda. However, not only England took advantage of the colonial trade. The Scottish towns got even richer in it.
A triumphant and expanded empire meant new responsibilities and new costs. The British government and Parliament wanted the American colonies to pay for their protection. It led to some extra local taxes which appeared perfectly fair in Britain but which made the American colonists upset and they united against the mother country. The most hateful taxes were a Stamp Act (1765), Townshend Acts (1767) and the so-called Intolerable Acts (1774). These