Jails and Prisons Comparison Paper

1952 Words Nov 25th, 2012 8 Pages
Jail and Comparisons Paper
David L. Alexander
CJA/234
October 8, 2012
Robin Kemp

In considering the jails, as well as state and federal prisons, and in modern America, one must understand the historical contexts in which the three institutions were conceptualized and put into practice. Then a discussion of the reasons behind the drastic recent growth off these three ancient institutions must be had. Finally, a review of the security classifications which enable these facilities to carry out the business of incarceration and rehabilitation in a secure and safe manner should be conducted to round out our consideration of these ancient institutions. The role of jails and prisons is a complicated one, made more
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We also have those employees that are energetic, take on additional responsibilities, have high degrees of initiative, and strive to learn as much as possible to prepare themselves for that next promotion or assignment within this environment,”(pp 97). Jails are primarily holding areas, except for inmates sentenced to short terms, have few programs available and inmates sit idle, in cells most of the time. It takes highly trained personnel to deal with them in that environment. Prisons, however, have much more to offer convicted offenders, especially those being sent there for longer terms. It was from jails that the first prison was spawned. The first prison was created when a wing of a jail, the Walnut Street Jail in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was converted to house already-convicted inmates for long sentences. Thus, the prison, or penitentiary, was created eschewing the cruelty of previous punishment methods, and replaced those methods with incarceration as a punishment in itself. These prisons functioned upon the further basis of "separate but silent" which meant the inmates were not allowed to speak to each other and, were kept separate, so as not to even be able to see each other when moving around the facility. The next generation of prisons starting with one built in Auburn, New York, was based upon the similar ideals. However, budget and space constraints in Auburn soon gave way to the new concept of

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