Subjectivity Of Morality

Decent Essays
Morality can exist in a world without God because of the objectivity of morals even through different time periods and cultures maintains, and genuinely good morality may easily come from non-religious motives. Certain immoral practices have been permissible in the past due to societal and cultural changes, but they are nonetheless still immoral. Morality does not simply follow clear cut rules, and historically immoral actions have happened egregiously. Ultimately, utilitarianism is what governs morality. To continue to sustain all of humanity and to even further individual success, correct moral judgment is key moving forward. Morality is based upon doing what is better for increasing utility in society. In addition, in practice there are …show more content…
The morality of every decision and action is objective. If morals are objective then as a society we may look back at certain actions and assess their morality. Just because an action or decision was agreed upon in the past or by certain parties as morally acceptable, it does not make those actions morally acceptable when we reflect up those times. That is why people and societies progress and reform in order to stray away from immoral actions. This contradicts the assessment made by J.L. Mackie in “The Subjectivity of Values”. J.L. Mackie submits that morality is subjective and changes interpretation from person to person. Mackie builds this argument upon the fact that individuals should act on what the subject judges as right and wrong. According to Mackie, people must act in the same way if morals are truly objective. People would just do what is “right” all the time and overcome egoism and self-interest. This clearly is not the case. People are more than capable to act immorally. Just because immoral actions happen, it does not change our ability to assess this judgment. We may still identify actions as moral or immoral. Mackie also asserts …show more content…
Are all of these people immediately considered immoral because of their belief that there is no God? Clearly, no. Obviously, there are people in the world who do amazing, selfless things with their life without having God dictate what is morally right. Morality rather than being sourced from God, there is an innate human sense to better themselves and others. Fundamentally, all humans are still animals with the imperative mission of competing to succeed in nature and reproduce and carry on your lineage. As society has grown the way to succeed now has become contributing to society in order to sustain oneself. Giving to society as a whole will in turn benefit the individual. A simple, governing guideline presides over human nature now, commonly known as The Golden Rule, simply stating, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” The Golden Rule was supposedly brought to humanity by Jesus which would have happened nearly 2000 years ago. However, this as a tool to assess morality has never been seen in practice more than humanity currently. In a world where religion has much less bearing and atheism is more present, morality and proper judgment of actions are constantly becoming more precise. As seen previously, this rule was often broken for actions in the name of religion and still were (and maybe

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    From his view, any action done from self-interest are taken to be prudent rather than moral. Categorical imperative differed from the view of the maxim to greater extent. Maxim uses the majority and the practice of act to justify the morality even if the action goes against the right of others. According to Maxim, the morality of an action can only be determined by its practice. Assessing the consequences that may result from the action is key in such cases.…

    • 1177 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Human reasoning over emotions and social situations curbs the urge to use bad behaviors. While the focus of utilitarianism on the consequences is not reliable compared to deontology. It allows people to disobey rules based on consequences, failing to embed moral virtues into our actions. Evidence Deontology has been big in the past compared to other ethical theories. For example, it defends human rights by forbidding infringement of the right to fair treatment.…

    • 1152 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    I am not one to usually agree that lying is ok but would have to agree that this situation would justify doing so. The utilitarian theory is focused on the overall outcome of the group vs the ethical theory being focused on the outcome of the individual so I would have to stand behind utilitarianism on this situation. The Utilitarian ethic seems more compelling and correct, in my opinion. I see utilitarianism as more of the maximize happiness and minimize suffering but don’t do so in a way that negatively affects someone else if you can prevent it, theory. Utilitarianism looks at everyone, not just yourself.…

    • 1240 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Moreover, it is not clear people are less motivated about non-universal values beliefs. People may vigorously defend cooperation between cultures and condemn uncooperative cultures. If people were to look at other intolerant cultures that are attempting to disrupt such cooperation between cultures they would be motivated to defend these varying non-universal values. They would defend non-universal values because they would understand that there is no one truth only moral system, only moral systems that severe or do not serve the human…

    • 1084 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Morality Of Morality

    • 1146 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Before examining this in more detail, we must define morality. Morality is the value or extent to which an action is right or wrong. Everyone has their own moral code and sense of right and wrong. Our culture today values the outcome more than the means, however, and will forgive lapses in morality, such as deceit, in order to achieve a favorable outcome. Deceit with immoral or selfish intentions is allowed no wiggle room.…

    • 1146 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Is it the golden rule of treating others the way you would want to be treated? Acting on impulse because it feels good? Or doing your duty because it is your “job” to do so? One cannot determine what is "right" and what is "wrong"; it must be taught or shown to us by means of common sense and unified agreement. At the same time, influence of the self- its own interests, wants and needs- play a bigger role in what creates ones ' moral standpoint.…

    • 1398 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Moral Claim Analysis

    • 1484 Words
    • 6 Pages

    It is believed that right actions will lead one to become a well being of an individual. This theory is believed that one needs happiness in their life. As I said before what causes this happiness that leads to a good life. Each person has a different way of satisfying his or her needs therefore this theory is pointless. If a person is going to perform a crime that makes one happy, even though in the eyes of the law it is wrong to do it, then how does this justify moral facts to be genuine, objective feature of the world?…

    • 1484 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This means that if an action is taken in good faith, and the desired outcome positive and beneficial to society, it must be taken, even if that means that a member of that society is harmed in doing so. If it will serve the greater good, then any action is permissible. Kant, however believes that never, under any circumstances, must one go against what is morally right. Even if an action such as lying or causing an individual harm is taken for the benefit of society, it is not okay. Bentham's utilitarian views on punishment better serve society as government…

    • 1044 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Evidence is crucial to moral skepticism because it determines how we justify our thoughts so whenever possible one should always strive to understand all aspects of a situation. By comprehending the totality of an event, the best moral decision can be determined. The extreme contrast class includes every moral claim contrary to the chosen action, including all extreme forms of thoughts. (Sinnot-Armstrong Section 4) One such extreme is the idea of moral nihilism or the idea that nothing is morally wrong. If noting is morally wrong then no moral truths exist.…

    • 1131 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It should be looked at case by case to take into consideration content and then determined whether the act immoral based on sound justifications in the terms Dworkin lays out. Society has a right to protect itself from harm and not what enacts an emotional response. Our society is strong enough to undergo moral changes that take place overtime and these changes do not corrupt our morals to the point of disintegration. If an immoral act is harmful against an individual or society as a whole there is a right to take action to rectify the situation so harm is no longer permitted. Devlin and Dworkin agree that not every individual is capable of giving consent and there should be restrictions of what individuals are capable of such, this would allow legal intervention in some of the acts Devlin considers immoral.…

    • 1204 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics