Isolation of Trimyristin from Nutmeg and Preparation of Myristic Acid from Trimyristin by Hydrolysis

804 Words Nov 6th, 2012 4 Pages
Isolation of Trimyristin from Nutmeg and preparation of Myristic Acid from Trimyristin by Hydrolysis
Introduction
Over 40% of medicinal chemicals in the world were developed from isolation of the natural source. These sources were from fungi, plants, bacteria, animals, etc. The techniques used to isolate and purify has been by extraction, distillation, recrystallization, and chromatography. In this experiment we will be trying to obtain a pure organic compound from a natural source. Because this natural source it is not only trimyristin and myristic acid that makes it up, it’s a mixture of many compounds. Although nutmeg is one of those natural sources that trimyristin is easily extracted from it does take some time to achieve in lab.
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We used the melting points to determine if we isolated a pure sample from both trimyristin and myristic acid. If the samples were pure we would have seen the first drop of trimyristin at 56°C and the last drop at 58°C. Since, we did not see the melting point of trimyristin at 56°C but at 46°C we know that it was not a pure sample and therefore, had impurities which explain the low melting points

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