Island Hopping Essay

1864 Words 8 Pages
When ones first thought of Japan is sushi, it usually is not far off from a typical American. In the 1940’s Americans were thinking about what to do about those “Commi Japs” out east. Ever since they bombed Pearl Harbor, no American could get the Japanese off his or her mind and it led us into a hard rough next few years fighting World War II. Germany was tough, but fighting Japan was the real challenge, mostly because of their armies mindset, which was never surrender. So they would go in guns blazing no matter the danger to their lives. Most of the time they would end up dying but not before taking out plenty of Allies Knowing that, America had to think hard about their strategy for the Japanese to be able to win the war. They decided on …show more content…
So they decided to do island hopping. Island hopping is the strategy of going from island to island taking it over and setting up base there, then moving on to the next island until eventually reaching the mainland of Japan. Island hopping works perfectly on Japan because they are an archipelago. The first campaign of the island hopping was the attack on Gilbert Islands. The first island attacked was Makin. They were very unprepared for the attack; the base did not have any planes or boats. The USA came through the air dropping bombs in the middle of the island. The Japanese were expecting a land attack, and it was too late when they realized they could not defend only the beaches. It was an easy victory for the Americans, only taking about 2 days and losing only around one hundred lives. Then came the island of Tarawa, it was a region of thirty-eight islands that were surrounded by coral reefs. The Japanese thought that Tarawa was undefeatable. Japanese admiral Keiji said, “A million men cannot take Tarawas in 100 years.” For defense in Tarawa there were coastal guns like most islands of Japan. There was also a lot of artillery and machine gun nests, in addition to a huge wall to the north of the …show more content…
They had a whole thought out plan codenamed “Operation Downfall.” The Joint chiefs of staff met and came up with it. While at the same time a even more secret in a way Plan B was happening that nobody knew about till it happened. The “Plan B” was known as The Manhattan Project. Unlike its name, it was not started in New York, it was actually started and based in Chicago, under a football field. The scientists behind the Manhattan Project managed to create the first controlled nuclear chain reaction. Thus, the project to create the atomic bomb started. Government funding was handed and the project took off. They employed 120,000 people. But since this whole project had to be kept as secret as possible, the majority of people did not even know what they were working on. The US and British president both agreed that they would not let their other allies, even Russia know about it. Funny story, not even the Vice President Harry Truman knew about the atomic bomb until he eventually became president. All the precautions were a success since to the best of everyone 's knowledge, the project was secret until the bomb came dropping down. In the summer of 1945 they completed their first successful test of the bomb in New Mexico. It was so powerful that they blew out people 's windows that had no idea what was going on. Of course,the government created a fake story

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