Isis Temple Case Study

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Isis temple stands on the West bank of the Nile at Luxor, 1km from Malqata and about 4 km south of Medinet Habu. Many emperors made additions to the temple over a period of 100 years. Today all that remains of the temple is its small main building and ruins of the propylon, along with its brick enclosure wall and the well. The temple precinct had an area of 74×51 meters; the temple itself is much smaller - 13×16m. Its entrance faces east. The outer walls don't have much decoration but on the inside the reliefs are well preserved and some have pigments.
According to inscriptions on the propylon, construction of the Isis temple started around the beginning of 1st century CE [1]. According to one theory the temple's construction started
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The Isis temple of Deir Chelouit is important because Greco-Roman era religious buildings are rare in this area, and this is the only one not associated with the Theban Triad but with Isis. The temple was first examined by Karl Richard Lepsius in the mid-19th century, but he did not make a detailed description of it. A French expedition led by Christiane Zivie studied the inscriptions on the propylon and published their studies in 1992 [2]. Between 1971 and 1979 archaeologists from the Waseda University of Japan worked on the site. Remains found in the well prove that the well (and the temple itself) was already abandoned and used as a trash deposit in the Coptic era [3]. The reliefs of the temple are dated to the Greek-Roman era and are similar to the ones in
Dendera and Philae [1]. Isis temple murals were carved on stone and the ancient artist used sunken relief in the murals of facades, which are exposed to sunlight and wind with sand and a combination of sunk/raised relief in the internal murals (Fig. 1). In some cases, the artist covered these reliefs with a thin layer of white plaster to receive pigments, while in others
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Nanoparticles for Cleaning: Principles and Practice
Cleaning is very often one of the first steps in the work of wall painting conservation.
This process should be easily applicable, the action of the cleaning agent on the original surface should be totally controlled and it should be fast and economical [5]. The deterioration of wall paintings in Isis temple exposed to deterioration factors is a complex process in which chemical, physical and biological mechanisms are involved and a deep layer of oil soot, airborne particles and the formation of microbial biofilms in the surface layers (of the order of 1 mm thickness) of degenerated material, represents the final and most significant step of the degenerative cycle of wall paintings in the temple. All these aspects are very important to consider in order to find the suitable analytical strategies for cleaning the historical

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