Is Fracking The Energy Industry? Essay

1687 Words Oct 30th, 2015 null Page
The Environmental Protection Agency defines frackings as “A well stimulation process used to maximize the extraction of underground resources; including oil, natural gas, geothermal energy, and even water”(Environmental Protection Agency). This process, employed to release natural gas involves drilling deep into the ground and shooting a high pressure water solution into rock formations in order to release the gas inside. Although the history of fracking can be traced back to the 1940’s, it wasn’t until 2003 that was incorporated commercially on a massive scale not only in the United States, but also across the world. This turning point in scale caused immediate backlash from environmentalists across the country. The controversy being: while fracking has completely revolutionised the energy industry, the environmental risks it poses cannot be overlooked.
On one side of this ongoing debate, pro-frackers believe that fracking has been solely responsible for transforming America’s energy industry. With shale gas making up 1% of America’s gas supplies in 2000, and 25% in 2011 (Livescience), it is undeniably true that fracking has helped fill our tanks and curtail our reliance on imported oil and fossil fuels. However, the advantages of fracking such as lower taxes, improved air quality, job creation, and 238 billion cubic feet of extractable natural gas, come with great cost. The U.S. Department of Energy states “in 2000 there were only about 276,000 gas wells in the U.S., but…

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