Is Conctraints Essay

20069 Words May 29th, 2016 81 Pages
Chapter 4

Ethical and Social Issues in
Information Systems

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

CHAPTER OUTLINE

After reading this chapter, you will be able to:

4.1

UNDERSTANDING ETHICAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES
RELATED TO SYSTEMS
A Model for Thinking About Ethical, Social, and
Political Issues
Five Moral Dimensions of the Information Age
Key Technology Trends that Raise Ethical Issues

4.2

ETHICS IN AN INFORMATION SOCIETY
Basic Concepts: Responsibility, Accountability, and
Liability
Ethical Analysis
Candidate Ethical Principles
Professional Codes of Conduct
Some Real-World Ethical Dilemmas

4.3

THE MORAL DIMENSIONS OF INFORMATION
SYSTEMS
Information Rights: Privacy and Freedom in the
Internet Age
Property Rights:
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S3 provides satellite tracking services to clients such as the
District of Columbia, Fairfax County, state and federal government agencies, police departments, and private companies.
These services equip each vehicle or person they are monitoring with a tracking device using global positioning system (GPS) technology. GPS is a navigation system operated by the
U.S. Department of Defense based on satellites that continually broadcast their position, time, and date. GPS receivers on the ground, which can be attached to vehicles, cell phones, or other equipment, use information from the satellite signals to calculate their own locations. Cell phones are now equipped with GPS.
The D.C. public school system is spending $6 million on its GPS tracking system. It is equipping buses with GPS locators and special-needs children riding those buses with ID cards that log when they get on and off their buses. Parents receive secret codes that enable them to use the Internet to track their children. S3’s monitoring center picks up GPS information from the tracking devices and monitors the locations of the buses on video screens. Most of the monitoring is automated, and the S3 staff intervenes primarily in emergencies. S3 maintains each day’s tracking data for long periods, and clients can access historical tracking data

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