Is Addiction A Illness Or A Choice?
Although this definition has taken on acceptance it is frustrating that not much has been done about addressing treatment needs. In the future we should focus on early prevention, regular screening, interventions, continuing care and education for primary care providers. Arria and McLellan (2014) concluded, “We hope that in the year 2020, as we look back over the prior decade, we will be able to describe a truly integrated healthcare delivery system that provides prevention, screening, and early intervention for emerging unhealthy substance use; active primary treatment of mild to moderate substance use problems with brief therapies and medications offered within the context of primary care: and active, integrated specialty care treatment options provided with integrity and continuity to those with the most severe disorders” CITATION McL14 \p 1046 \n \y \t \l 1033 (p. 1046). According to the Sociology of Addiction (2014), “In the United States, the incidence of addiction is so high that there are insufficient trained professionals to assist those affected by drug abuse, precipitating a crisis in treatment. “Fewer than one-fourth of the persons in need of alcohol and drug abuse services in the United States actually receive treatment” CITATION McM14 \p 1 \n \y \t \l 1033 (p. 1).
In conclusion, based on these facts there is much opportunity for social workers in the field of addiction. Social workers can be instrumental in helping to change current policies and advocate for their clients in this