Essay on Irony Vs. Free Will

1129 Words May 9th, 2016 null Page
One of Sophocles greatest weapon in creating such world renounced plays is irony. An ironic situation is often exemplified when a character within the play is merrily unaware of the distance between the character’s self-identity or self-perception to the role the character has within his or her surroundings. In the play, Oedipus the King, Sophocles creates irony through King Oedipus. Oedipus is blind to the fact that he is the curse of Thebes despite much evidence to suggest that he has murdered his true father and committed incest with his birth mother. Oedipus also ignores Teiresias’s words that Oedipus is the curse. In addition, it has been foreseen during the time of Oedipus’s birth that he will murder his father and sleep with his mother and despite all attempts to avoid that future the prophecy came true. Lastly, the passage from pages 208-213 also illustrate the human conditions Technê (via Oedipus) and Tychê (via Jocasta). Through the use of the themes of fate vs free will, blind vs sighted, and Technê and Tychê, Sophocles is able to successfully create a memorable dramatic irony. The story of Oedipus can be seen as a struggle between fate and free will. It was prophesied by the oracle that Oedipus is destined to kill his father and marry his mother. Oedipus and his wife/mother also appear to do their best to escape fate or rather manipulate fate to their benefit. To their surprise, they actually unknowingly contributed to their fates becoming a reality. Jocasta…

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