Iran Essay

2868 Words Oct 10th, 2008 12 Pages
The United States and Iran (then Persia) relations began in the late 1800’s. King Nasser-al-Din Shah sent an ambassador to Washington D.C. although Americans had been traveling to Iran since the mid 1800’s (1,1). From the late 1800’s till World War II, relations were very friendly and many of the representatives for Iran saw the United States as a “third force” in there drive to break free from the British and Russian dominance in Persian affairs (1,1). The United States relations with Iran led was very costly as it led to many highly appointed officials to be killed by those affiliated with the British and Russian influence (1,1). Although relationships with the United States were very friendly for more than half a century, many changes …show more content…
In 1963 Iran began a series of reforms by the last Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, to modernize the country (11). President John F. Kennedy pressured Iran into reform along with the domestic demands for change, the Shah with the help of the United States helped with many of the reforms (10,3). While the White Revolution did not include any drastic changes in the democratic representation, a number of the reforms had fallen victim to corruption (11). The White Revolution created a more technological and economic advanced country (11). But the reforms also angered the powerful clergy class which removed most of their traditional powers which lessened their previously strong influence in the rural areas (11). Many of the reforms of the White Revolution created many economic reforms and technological advancements, unfortunately some failures of the reforms such as: the land reform program, the lack of democratic reforms, and the unending anger from the clergy and land elites, would be a huge contribution to the Shah’s downfall during the Iranian Revolution in 1979 (11). In 1973 United States support Kurdish rebels in Iraq. The United States supported the Kurds to strengthen Iran and weaken the pro-Soviet Iraqi regime (6,2). Two years later Iran cuts a deal with Iraq and the U.S. withdraws their support, denies the Kurds refuge in Iran, and the Iraqi government slaughters many Kurdish people(6,2) In 1977, President Jimmy Carter of the United States expressed that

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