Invitation To The Life Spann Case Study

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1. Chapter 1 “The Beginning” of the textbook “Invitation to the Life Span” emphasizes “the science of human development that seeks to understand how and why people – all kinds of people, everywhere, of every age – change over time.” (Berger pg 4)
The main and essential that was mentioned were “the three domains of human development” (Berger pg 8)
a. Biological development includes “growth and change that occur in a person’s body and genetic, nutritional, and health factors that affects growth and change.” (Berger pg. 8)
b. Cognitive development includes “mental processes that a person uses to obtain knowledge or to think about the environment.” (Berger pg. 8)
c. Psychosocial development includes emotions, temperament, and
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Behaviorism theory that also covers social learning theory, studied by John B. Watson displays that this theory “behaviorists emphasizes nurture, the specific responses from other people and the environment to whatever a developing person does.” (Berger pg. 26) In addition, Ivan Pavlov researched classical conditioning by demonstrating his experiment by using a bell, his dogs, and dog food. Pavlov declared that he would condition his dogs to salivate when a bell or particular noise was heard from. (Berger pg. 27) A scientific method testing of this resulted that behavior could be learned, similarly to Watson’s “Little Albert …show more content…
Cognitive theory was studied on each person’s ideas and beliefs are crucial, referring to just not thinking but also to attitudes, beliefs, and assumptions (Berger pg 28) Humans change their ability to think and way of perception over time by the influence of their environment.
d. Humanism studied by Abraham Maslow believed that “all people – no matter what their culture, gender, or background – have the same basic needs and drives.” (Berger pg 32) Maslow’s hierarchy of needs acts as a ladder that drives a person to reach their potential or come to their own self-actualization; throughout struggles and events that can lead them to their own developmental process, in which their needs are met on each level in order to fulfill their unique individuality.
e. Evolution theory researched by Charles Darwin concluded that “each species does two things: survive and reproduce.” (Berger pg 33) This results in the survival of the fittest, in which species challenge amongst each other and that the strong and fittest can continue to live on and dominate as they adapt to new environmental changes. This theory illustrates that the “human impulses, needs, and behaviors evolved to help human survive and thrive.” (Berger Pg

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