Introduction To Traumatic Brain Injury

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Introduction to Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when there is a mechanical force that has been applied to the head as it affects the normal functioning of the brain. When looking at what mechanical force is, it call be seen in two ways. The first way comes from a ‘blow to the head’ ‘rapid acceleration-deceleration event’ (Struchen & Clark, 2007). An example of this would be from a car accident. The human brain can become injured with or without the skull being fractured. Some of the most common causes of TBI includes falls (28%), motor vehicle-traffic crashes (20%), struck by/against (19%), and assaults (Struchen & Clark, 2007). Pertaining to the military personnel, blasts are the leading cause of TBI. Something to make note of is that everyone experiences Traumatic Brain Injury differently. No two cases are the same when it comes to TBI. In order to …show more content…
Closet and Open TBI are the two major types of traumatic brain injury. Closed TBI occurs when a person’s brain is hurt without an object going through the skull. The brain can shake around the inside the skull when there is force that is bring brought upon the head. A more detail explanation of what happens with the brain is that it bounces around and hits different areas of the skulls which later brings bruises to the brain. In contrast, Open TBI happens with an objects does so much damage that it penetrates through someone’s skull and hurts their brain. An example of this would be a bullet going through someone’s skull after a gunshot. With this particular form of traumatic brain injury, the main source of damage happens to the part of the brain that has come into contact with the object. Not only can bruising occur, there can be bleeding or swelling to the

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