Introduction Of Stem Cell Research Essay

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Introduction to Stem Cell Research
The American Medical Association says, "[A] stem cell is an immature cell that has the potential to become specialized into different types of cells throughout the body the body," and "there are two basic types of stem cells: adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells" (paragraphs 1-2). Adult stem cells can actually be found in both adults and children; their name comes from the fact that they can be harvested from mature tissue without causing harm to the person from whom they are harvested. Embryonic stem cells, on the other hand, can only be derived from embryos, and the harvesting process destroys the embryos. From this basic introduction, it is already clear that embryonic stem cell research has far greater potential to be ethically problematic than adult stem cell research. However, embryonic stem cell research is also generally considered to have the greatest potential for delivering medical and scientific breakthroughs, due to the fact that they are even more flexible (so to speak) and undifferentiated than adult stem cells (see Bongo and Richards).
From the medical perspective, stem cell research is viewed as very promising due to the fact that if stem cells can be introduced into patients with a range of illnesses, they could possible help regenerate the tissues and organs of the patients and thereby help heal illnesses (and especially degenerative illnesses) that are currently incurable. For example, Lovell-Badge has indicated…

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