Intimate Partner Violence : Building Healthy Teen Relationships
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2016), intimate partner violence (IPV) is experienced by approximately 15-40% of adolescents in the US, with the abuse being found to occur in children as young as 12 years of age (De Grace & Clark, 2012). Victimization and perpetration of abuse is prevalent in both genders, with approximately 32% of adolescents reporting victimization and 24% reporting perpetration (Johnson et al., 2015). These numbers are staggering, and IPV has been shown to have lifelong and sometimes dire consequences. It is imperative for healthcare providers to be aware, not only of IPV, but of the risk factors and health implications associated with it, as well as evidence-based programs aimed at reducing the incidence of IPV among adolescents.
A Review of the Literature
Many studies have been done regarding intimate partner violence in the adolescent population. When searching PubMed using the terms “intimate partner violence” and “adolescents” and limiting the search to studies conducted in English and less than five years ago, 165 articles were identified, five of which were RCT’s, and eight systematic reviews. Using the terms “teen dating violence”, 23 RCT’s and 13 systematic reviews were identified. In a similar literature search on CINAHL using the terms “intimate partner violence” and adolescence” looking for studies presented in academic journals within the last…