Interpretation Of Rule Utilitarianism Of The Torah 's Dictum And The Maximization Of Happiness
782 Words Oct 4th, 2016 4 Pages
The True Law [the six hundred and thirteen commandments of the Torah] … give[s] us the twofold perfection. It aims first at the establishment of good mutual relations among men by removing injustice and creating the noblest feelings. In this way the people … stay and continue in one condition, and every one can acquire his first perfection [well-being of the body].
This conclusion, however, appears incomplete, missing justification for the desirability of a “twofold perfection”, much less of the link between the Torah’s dictum and the maximization of happiness. Subsequent entries from The Guide of the Perplexed reinforce these claims.
Maimonides demands faith in “certain truths, the belief in which is indispensable” to the coordination of a peaceful, virtuous citizenry, among these: the belief in God’s wrath for sinners, as it cultivates a fear of disobedience, or an unconditional love of the Lord. Therefore, he argues that a pursuit of the object of a law – namely, its explicit purpose paired with an explanation of its ability to remove injustice, to teach good conduct, or to convey a moral truth (intrinsically good or instrumental in the removal of injustice/teaching of good conduct) – is a futile task, one that distracts a moral citizen from his more demanding obligation to an observance of the laws and a thirst for…