Interpersonal Psychotherapy Theory

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The purpose of this paper is to use an appropriate theory for a client. The theory will help the client with their current situation as well as using strategies to overcome the problem. The theory will also help provide a better understanding of how to best support the client. The theory will determine if the treatment will be designed for a short or long term.

The goal counseling to help Ana to decrease her depression and anxiety related to; lack of social support, raising a child alone, being away from her family of origin, being unemployed, and dropping out of college. Therapist will collaborate with client to decrease her depression related symptoms; weight gain, isolation/withdrawal, lack of sleep, and hopelessness. Another treatment
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According to Brakemeier and Frase states in their study “interpersonal psychotherapy as an effective short-term treatment strategy in major depression. In IPT, a reciprocal relationship between interpersonal problems and depressive symptoms is regarded as important in the onset and as a maintaining factor of depressive disorders.” The theory is used into three phases. According to Murdock (2013), the first phases will be the intake and the diagnosis procedure. There are two different assessments that need to be done. One is the formal assessment that the counselor conducts. The second assessment consists of a complete medical evaluation. The second phases are when the counselor will focus on the chief complaint or reason for referral, where client discuss more in detail the problem of the client that was discussed during intake. Counselor will support and assist client with their presenting problems. The third phases are based on termination and discusses the progress of the client (Murdock, 2013, …show more content…
According to Chung (2015) “Interpersonal psychotherapy is one of two evidence-based formal psychotherapies for perinatal mood disorders. It is a time-limited, non-transference / cognitive-based therapy that focuses on communication and social support and can be easily conducted in a perinatal clinic setting.” Therefore, interpersonal psychotherapy helps the individual feel less depressed and resolves their problems. The theory addresses problems on the social level by helping the client with their interpersonal behaviors so they can develop a better relationship and interact with others. This will help Ana by calling her parents more often or visiting her parent in Guatemala. Interpersonal psychotherapy helps in the social perspective by adjustment and interpersonal functioning. Interpersonal psychotherapy is culturally competence. The counselor will be aware of the client culture, needs and will not implement something the client does not feel comfortable with. According to Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Depression (IPT) “For all clients with whom the therapist works, an ability to draw on knowledge of the relevance and potential impact of social and cultural difference on the effectiveness and acceptability of an intervention. Where clients from a specific minority culture or group are regularly seen within a service, an ability to draw on knowledge of that

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