International Relations During The World War II Essay

1268 Words Mar 9th, 2016 null Page
Until the late of 80s, the international relations were deeply marked by the bipolarization following the World War II. For almost 50 years, the confrontation between the US and the USSR, even in the absence of direct confrontation, affected both the domestic and the foreign policy for all countries. Between 1989 and 1991, the bipolar system disappeared. Many strategies around the world then changed. Deprived of enemy, the US henceforth became the only superpower and started rethinking its foreign policy. In 1991, US President G. Bush assigns his country an ambitious task: rebuild a new world order on the most consistent basis with the principles and values of democracy. However a deep study of the period between 1989 and 2001 shows that the US hegemony and the amelioration of the security environment in Europe was accompanied by the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the rise of terrorism as a new threat.
The year 1989 will remain marked in history as a turning point in the Cold War. Rich in events, it gave many peoples hope to regain their freedom and cast away dictatorships. The withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan in January and the fall of the Berlin Wall in November were the first indications of the end of the USSR. Two years after, In December of 1991, the Soviet Union split into fifteen independent countries . Welcomed by US and its allies as a triumph of democracy over totalitarianism, the collapse of USSR gave birth to the Commonwealth of Independent…

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