International Migration in South America Essay

5764 Words Dec 28th, 2013 24 Pages
Mendel University in Brno
Faculty of Regional Development and International Studies

International Migration in South America
Economic Geography

Michal Birčiak
International Migration in South America 1
Obsah 2
Introduction 4
History of international migration in South America 5 Migration in 2008, 2009 6
International migration from the South America 7
1.1Migration back home 7
Migration to the others states of OECD 9
1.2Migration to Japan 10
Main features 10
1.3Feminisation of migration 10
1.4Permanence of skilled migration 11
Economic aspects of international migration 12
International migration in Brazil and Argentina 13
1.5International Migration of Brazil 13
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The principal destinations of the inter-regional migration are Argentina and Chile. Althoug decrease in immigratns was seen in United States and Canada by 6 % the decrease in the countries of South America was also witnessed by 1% especially in Argentina.
Also the decrease in Argentina reflected the drop of people regularised under a special programme. If the all regularised people in Argentina were excluded from the analysis, permanent immigration to Argentina would have increased by almost 85 % from the yeat 2008 to 2009 and temporary migration by 9 %.
The rate of the immigrants and total populations in South America´s countries is low. This rate shows approximately that for one thousand people of the total population one immigrant is allotted. Of course Argentina and Chile are the countries that have to stick out of this rate. Their rate is about 3 – 5 immigrants to one thousand inhabitans. These levels of migrations are low in comparison with Canada or United states where for every one thousand ihnabitans there are 8 immigrants. In general the migration flows into the North America are seven times higher than those of Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Uruguay combined.
From the other side the migration towards Argentina was of the same size as those towards France or Germany and they are three times greater than those to Japan.

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