Institutional Racism And Discrimination For Ethnic Minority Groups

1704 Words Mar 20th, 2016 7 Pages
Institutional racism is defined as racism that is ingrained into the procedures and practices of schools that cause disadvantage and discrimination for ethnic minority groups. There is evidence that there is differential achievement in terms of ethnicity. This is evidenced by 79% of Chinese students achieving 5A*-C GCSE grades (including English and Maths) and 74% of Indian students achieving 5A*-C GCSE grades (including English and Maths). This compares significantly to 60% of Bangladeshi pupils achieving 5A*-C GCSE grades (including English and Maths) and 58% of white British students achieving 5A*-C GCSE grades (including English and Maths). This compares even more significantly to only 53% of Pakistani students achieve 5A*-C GCSE grades (including English and Maths) only 42% of Afro-Caribbean boys achieve 5A*-C GCSE grades (including English and Maths). One reason for these trends in terms of differential achievement is due to institutional racism in school. However, there are alternative explanations for these trends which are out of school factors such as cultural explanations.

Schools are institutionally racist which causes differential achievement in education for different ethnic groups. This is evidenced by the ethnocentric curriculum. This means that the curriculum is based around white culture and ignores the culture of ethnic minorities. Coard supports this argument as he found that white history and white literature dominate the curriculum. This also led to…

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