Essay on Ingroups, Outgroups, and Their Affects on Behaviors

2309 Words 10 Pages
Ingroups, Outgroups, and Their
Affect on Behaviors

We as humans tend to relate to those that are similar to us, and tend to alienate those that we deem as different than us. Whether it is by race, gender, culture, or religion, it is something that is almost always present in human interactions, and often times can be completely subconscious. In our textbook Interpersonal Communication by Kory Floyd, an ingroup is defined as “A group of people with whom one identifies.” An outgroup is conversely defined as “A group of people whom one does not identify.” Henri Tajfel first coined this terminology while he was working to devise his social identity theory. These ideas of classifying people into ingroups and outgroups can lead to many
…show more content…
The second experiment was done in the same manner, but the boys were told that they were split up depending on their preference between to paintings they were shown. However, they were once again split at random. This study provided very conclusive results that pointed to the fact that, “When the subjects had a choice between maximizing the profit for all and maximizing the profit for members of their own group, they acted on behalf of their own group.”1 This study clearly proves that there are certain ingroups and outgroups that people identify and discriminate between. This finding allowed a great deal of further research into this theory, and lead to this concept being linked to the three phenomena mentioned earlier.
Ingroup bias is the first set of behaviors that I will examine. Ingroup bias is the practice of favoring members of your ingroup over outgroup members. In general, there are two explanations as to why this theory holds true, competition and self-esteem. Competition is mostly used as an explanation when there is a limited amount of resources needing to be split up between groups. However, it can be applied to any situation where an ingroup and outgroup are pitted against each other in any fashion. Philip Mohr and Kerry Larsen conducted a study of umpires in Australian football. The umpiring decisions for teams from the same state as the umpire and for teams from a different state were examined for 171

Related Documents