Informed Consent : The Ethical Principle Of Patient Autonomy And Human Rights

1629 Words Oct 9th, 2016 7 Pages
Informed consent

It is well known that; physicians have believed that they could do almost anything to a patient so long as it was in her best interest. However, recently, U.S. courts have recognized that people must consent to receive medical treatment which is called informed consent. The concept of consent arises from the ethical principle of patient autonomy and human rights. Informed consent is the process by which the treating health care provider discloses appropriate information to a competent patient so that the patient may make a voluntary choice to accept or refuse treatment (intervention and reflection book). In simple terms, it is a permission granted in the knowledge of the possible consequences. The goal of informed consent is that the patient has an opportunity to be an informed participant in his health care decisions. Informed consent is one of the most important facets of bioethics, so we should know the elements of informed consent, the type of informed consent, its limitations and its advantages.

For consent to be moral and legally meaningful, individual must be competent to understand what they are told about their condition and, capable of exercising judgment. Also it has to allow the freedom for individuals to make a decision about their treatment without coercion. Informed consent must be obtained before any procedures are performed. The physician can make clear to the patient that he is participating in a decision-making…

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