Central Idea: Mount Vesuvius is a dangerous active volcano that has the potential to cause the equivalent damage or worse even today.
I. “I looked round: a dense black cloud was coming up behind us, spreading over the earth like a flood. Many besought the aid of the goods, but still more imagined there were no gods left, and that the universe was plunged into eternal darkness for evermore.”
A. These were the words of Pliny the Younger in a letter that he wrote to Tacitus describing the events of Mt. Vesuvius eruption and the death of his uncle, Pliny the Elder.
B. Pliny the elder was an official of the Roman Court and saved many lives of Pompeii citizens before perishing from inhaling thick sulfuric gas.
II. …show more content…
It found a weak spot in the Earth’s surface and broke through, forming a volcano.
D. The eruption in Pompeii was only one of the many eruptions of Mt. Vesuvius, which has been erupting for thousands of years.
1. The Avellino eruption was one that devoured several settlements during the Bronze Age.
2. These eruptions are varied based on severity.
3. Mt. Vesuvius has erupted many times after Pompeii.
4. Still regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes and is predicted to erupt now at any moment.
(Transition: Now I can talk about what exactly happened between Mt. Vesuvius and Pompeii.)
III. In 79 A.D. Mt. Vesuvius erupted to what has become to be known as one of the deadliest eruptions recorded by man.
A. A few years prior to the eruption, there was a powerful earthquake that caused major damage to Pompeii.
1. All of the damage from the earthquake was not recovered during the time of the eruption.
2. 600 sheep died from toxic air, which may have been an indicator of the impending eruption.
3. The Romans were accustomed to minor earthquakes so they didn’t realize the signs of the eruption.
B. It is estimated that a cloud of stones, ash, and fumes spouted about 20 miles in the