There have been several advances in information technology that has resulted in new ethical issues arising that has necessitated the creation of various congressional acts. We will review two of these congressional acts, which are the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). In both of these congressional acts, we will look at its purpose, the ethical issue/reason requiring the congressional act along with potential implications if the act did not exist.
First, we will discuss the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Over the years as information technology became more advanced and widely used in the health and medical field, control
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For example, if an individual was HIV positive and an employer had the ability to request their medical records, they may decide not to employ someone or treat them differently because they are HIV positive or that same individual may not be able to live peacefully in a community of their choice because his or her medical information was released for the wrong purpose. With the advancement of information technology and without the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, the conditions would be set for another layer of prejudice in our society. As a result of HIPAA and its enforcement, we are able to seek medical attention with the confidence that our medical information is being used for its intended purpose.
The next congressional act that was created as a result of the advances in information technology is the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). As the Internet became a source of viable information and computers became a common asset in every household, children needed to be protected from the invasion of their privacy while being able to use information technology. In order for that to be possible, the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act was created in 2000. The act is intended to protect children under the age of 13 years old on websites that are