Informal Groups: The Five Stages Of A Formal Group

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Group is a collection of people who share definable membership, group consciousness, a sense of shared purpose, interdependence and interaction. (Mullins, 2005)

According to Robin and Judge (2013), defined group as two or more individual interacting and interdependent who have come together to achieve a common set of goals.

Mullins (2013), explains two types of groups which are formal and informal groups. Formal groups are deliberately planned and created by management as part of the formal organisation structure. The formal groups are permanently formed to achieve a specific task in an organisation. Informal groups are based more on personal relationships and agreement of group members than on defined role relationships. Informal
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(Robins and Judge, 2013), explains five stages for group formation as follows;

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Membership of a cohesive group can be a rewarding experience for the individual, can contribute to the promotion of morale, and aid the release of creativity and energy. Members of a high-morale group are more likely to think of themselves as a group. (Mullins, 2013)

The following are the factors influencing group cohesiveness

1. Group size

Groups should not be too small or too big. When the group is too big it becomes difficult to handle and communication problem rises. Example if the group is big in number members will start talking without order and mis communication can happen. Group should have a maximum of twelve members which will enable members to cooperate easily and become attached.

2. Nature of the task
When employees perform a task that needs cooperation among them leads to cohesivenss.This happens when they are given a complex task to attend or given task which is divided in parts and at the end they have to compile the parts and formulate a report. Also when members share a common problem they tend to unite to solve a problem and the degree of cohesiveness increases.

3. Physical

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