Infant Mortality Case Study

Decent Essays
INTRODUCTION
Consideration of humans as a resource or as the fundamental unit of nation building draws our attention towards the importance of human life and its standards. Significant variations in the characteristics of human lives were observed after the industrial revolution in respect to the level of development in the specific regions. People in the developed region seemed to have better life expectancy as compared to the regions that were not. In other words the standards of human life have a direct relation with the level of development. This relation is also backed by theories of population geography, namely the Malthus Theory which basically says that any region by virtue of its nature has a low population due to high birth rates
…show more content…
Infants tend to have a weak immunity system which is which why they are more prone to diseases than adults or even older children. Intensive childcare at this age including proper nutrition and timely vaccination, medication etc is must for the child to cross this barrier with ease. Children below five die mostly due to common diseases like malaria, pneumonia, diarrhea etc rather than any apocalyptic anomaly. Hence, development in the medical sector can significantly reduce child mortality rates with ease. It is interesting to note that regions with high child mortality also show high maternal mortality because both are equally related to level of medical advancements in the region, thereby reflecting its level of development. Pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria together are the cause of 30% of all the child deaths and almost half of these deaths are caused by …show more content…
Lack of knowledge regarding the basic free services, child and maternal health care and nutrition causes the heath of these children to deteriorate rapidly after birth thereby leading to their death. Exposure to dust and unhygienic environments, unfavorable temperatures causing dysentery, fever, vomiting etc lead to poorer health of the children. Parents mostly are unaware of the possible damages the surrounding and their lack of proper care could cause.
MEASURES TAKEN TO REDUCE INFANT MORTALITY RATE
India hopes to achieve MDG4 target of Under-five mortality Rate of 42 per 1000 live births by 2015 through its recent measures.the child mortality rate in india in 2012 was 52 and is expected to decrease further in the coming years. The following interventions have been implemented by the National Health Mission to bring down the mortality rate of children across all the States of the country:
Promotion of Institutional Delivery through JananiSurakshaYojana(JSY) with the help of skilled birth attendants. Emphasis on facilities for new-born care at different levels to reduce Child

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Child Mortality rates in the developing world are shockingly low. Infants in the developing world are much less likely to survive than infants in the developed world. Children in these countries are dying from diseases like malaria, measles, and HIV/AIDS. Malnutrition and the lack of safe water are also major causes for these infants death. All of these preventable deaths could end if there was universal education.…

    • 1580 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    A major benefit from this new technology is the reduction in mortality of newborns in India and around the world. In addition, neonatal screenings provide new information to those researching this disease. However, while there are many pros from this technology, there are also many cons present. There is still a great lack of information present in both the United States and India. The lack of resources is also very prevalent in India today which in turn leads to a lower access to treatment and a higher mortality and diagnosis rate.…

    • 1228 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Unicef Case Study

    • 1618 Words
    • 6 Pages

    It is made up of 11 different correspondents. These include UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, UNDP, UNFPA, UNODC, UN Women, ILO, UNESCO, WHO, and the World Bank Organization (Unaids). The goal of the group is to stop the spread if HIV/Aids. According to their website, they are confident that they will end the Aides epidemic by 2030 (UNAIDS). The goals of this organization are to reduce the spread of HIV transmission, eliminating HIV infection among children, and providing access to treatment (unaids).…

    • 1618 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    (due to undernourishment)”(Children: Reducing Mortality). Babies do not have the ability to survive without the nutrients and ultimately succumb to the malnourishment. Increasing the child mortality rates dramatically due to negative intake of food and the nutrient it needs. “It suggested that malnutrition is an associated cause in about half of all deaths occurring among children in developing countries” (Rice). In developing countries around the world one out of two of all child deaths are due to lack of food and proper nutrients.…

    • 943 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    3rd world countries alarmingly high death toll rates due to the lack of immunization, According to UNICEF, the death toll rates in Africa is so high that every minute one child dies. More than 30 million children are not immunized against fatal viruses such as measles because these vaccines are not available and the health services in these countries are not accessible (UNICEF, 2015). The elimination of measles globally will most likely demand new vaccine developments. The injection of vaccines requires needles, which is a major issue, as it requires extremely safe handling and disposal. The most important drawback however is the fact those most at risk of measles children in the first 10 months of life and pregnant woman, have poor immunogenicity.…

    • 1492 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It used to be found in about “2-12 babies per 10,000 live births”(Center for Disease Control and Prevention). Microcephaly is often caused by poor blood supply, malnutrition or harmful substance exposure of the fetus, but Zika has been linked to the condition as well. If a mother is infected with the Zika Virus while she is pregnant, it can cause the child’s brain to fail to develop. This is a greater risk when the mother is earlier in her pregnancy. Microcephaly is also not the only…

    • 1488 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Malthusian Population

    • 1002 Words
    • 5 Pages

    If fertility were to be reduced, the change in the dependency ratio would allow for a substantial diversion of economic resources from the care and maintenance of children to productive economic investment. The greater economic savings would occur at the household level as families with fewer children could afford to invest in more education, and at the societal level with more state revenues becoming more available for investment in productive capital (infrastructure, factories, and research). The empirical evidence in support of Coale and Hoover were formal models or simulations that…

    • 1002 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Additionally, malnutrition and birth defects are prominent in India and the United states, unfortunately most women who get pregnant attain lower status, lower income and lower education. As a final point, with the rate of birth defects due to a lack of adequate food, agriculture, soil and pesticides being used, we could continue to go down the route of chemical-intensiveness, poisonous agriculture that hurts pregnant women, or we can take action and shift to…

    • 1539 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Since breast milk is easier on the stomach it causes less digestive problems for the baby. In the children who do breastfeed their children there is less of a risk for SIDS, or Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, which is a syndrome in which seemingly healthy babies die of unknown causes. Babies who breastfeed have a less likely chance to be hospitalized with infections and disease than that of a bottle fed babies. In third world countries where infections run rampant, breastfeeding can be the deciding factor of whether an infant lives or dies. In developing countries formula-fed child baby is 14 times more likely to die than that of an exclusively breastfed baby.…

    • 1620 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Due to an increasing number of drug users in Afghanistan, the people are becoming more likely of catching HIV/AIDS. Other common diseases are malaria and TB, which can be easily fixed with low cost strategies. This time the money isn’t the issue, instead it is the unwillingness for people to help out. Afghanistan’s health status is one of the worst in the world, their health situations is 4 times worse than neighboring countries (“Afghanistan: World Health Organization”). The disease in Afghanistan spreads not just to adults, but children as well, increasing the infant mortality rate.…

    • 471 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays