Infancy: Period Of Learning And Development

1008 Words 5 Pages
Infancy is the period of a person 's life between birth and two. Through this stage, there are remarkable changes that take place; learning to walk, talk, birth weight nearly quadruples and typically, height nearly doubles. Infancy is an amazing time of learning and development and a fascinating stage to witness. It is a critical part of development and what happens in this stage can set the foundation for the stages to come. It is important to have a strong understanding of this stage and the middle childhood stages in order to understand the following stages as they set the foundation for the future. During infancy a child goes through an enormous amount of physical changes. They grow in height, weight, vision improves, and organs develop …show more content…
They view their world and everything in it in relation to themselves. Infants are in the sensorimotor stage during which the main goal is learning object permanence. Object permanence is the knowledge that an object still exists even when it disappears from sight. In order to reach this stage, an infant needs to first be able to form a mental picture of it. A child who has reached object permanence would be able to find an object hidden under a blanket, where if the skills were lacking the object would have simply disappeared. Once an infant reaches this stage, they are often more inclined to drop bottles and toys in order to have caretakers pick them up and enjoy games such as peek-a-boo. However, according to Piaget, the first stage is purely motor and individual character actions are controlled by desires and motor habits. Children 's play is more individualized and ritualized. They are unable to comprehend or follow rules. Children in this stage receive rules either unconsciously or as interesting examples rather than obligatory realities (Piaget, 1996). Piaget believed that concept formation occurred in the way of forming schemas, in that the infant would form a mental picture of items and experiences they had and, with help, adjust them as necessary. Cats may be called dogs, birds could be planes, etc.. until …show more content…
Erikson believed people go through a crisis in which they must face a fundamental question in order to move through the stage. He also believed that in the initial stages caregivers need to encourage children to master, explore, and engage in their physical and social environments ((Bukatko, 2008, p. 27). Between birth and 18 months, infants are in stage one, also known as the trust vs. mistrust stage. During this stage, they will learn the virtue of hope if resolved successfully. The infant learns through his caregivers if the world is a safe and reliable place. If care is consistent and reliable, the infant will learn to trust, feel secure and have a sense of hope; this will carry over to future relationships. If the care is inconsistent, harsh and unpredictable, the infant is more likely to develop low self esteem, mistrust and a lack of confidence in themselves and the world around them and will carry this into the

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