Infancy And Toddlerhood Case Study

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Infancy and Toddlerhood: The first two years Piaget’s cognitive development theory is focused on the stages, which the first stage is sensorimotor stage. This stage focuses on the first two years of life, this theory helps best explain the human behavior and development at this stage in life. Piaget’s sensorimotor stage is divided into six sub stages which include: reflexive schemes (birth—1 month), primary circular reactions (1—4 month), secondary circular reactions (4—8 month), coordination of secondary circular reactions (8—12 month), and mental representation (18 months—2 years). Each stage describes the human development and behavior during each period. The first sub stage is from birth to one month of life and states that a newborns …show more content…
Epistemic cognition refers to our reflections on how we arrived at facts, beliefs, and ideas. Perry theorized that they engage in dualistic thinking, relativistic thinking, and commitment within relativistic thinking. Dualistic thinking is a way of dividing information, values, and authority into right and wrong, good and bad, we and they (Berk, 2014, 358). Relativistic thinking is viewing all knowledge as embedded in a framework of thought (Berk, 2014, 358). Commitment within relativistic thinking is when they choose a more personally satisfying perspective than between opposing views (Berk, 2014, 358). The further development of epistemic cognition is based on the situation that challenge their perspective and introduce them to consider the rationality of their thought process. This peer interaction challenges them among peers with equal knowledge, it gives them the option of debating a challenge instead of just accepting it because of their authority or expertise. Perry’s theory describes how early adults process ideas, facts, and …show more content…
The seasons of life consist of young-old, destruction-creation, masculinity-femininity, and engagement-separateness. These years may bring many adjustments to a person’s identity and life structure in which these seasons describe the challenges they may face. Most spend these years focusing inward adjusting their selves for the challenges ahead when they face the four developmental task he describes. Young vs. old describes the middle-age dealing with seeking new ways of being both young and old (Berk, 2014, 425). Destruction vs. creation focuses on their past wrong doings and how they can correct those to leave a positive legacy behind. Masculinity vs. femininity this is a balance for both genders men develop greater acceptance traits of caring. Engagement vs. separateness focuses on the period when those that have high ambitions may become more self-focused. After dealing with these four developmental tasks they should attain greater internal

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