Inequality And The Existence Of Unequal Access For Opportunities And Availability Of Wealth Within A Society

2067 Words May 19th, 2016 9 Pages
Inequality refers to the existence of unequal access to opportunities and availability of wealth within a society. Unemployment is both a cause and symptom of this problem in the sense that individuals who are unemployed are inherently disadvantaged in their place within a society whilst economic inequality also produces the inability to find work. Economic inequality should be viewed under the scope of class, the implicit (or sometimes overt) hierarchies or social forces in societies that dictate the manner of work an individual has access to or may engage in. What these hierarchies or social forces are established on and what differentiates them can be viewed firstly through the Marx perspective which states that class is based on one’s connection to the means of production (Jones ed. 2002). Secondly, they may be explained through the Weber perspective where individuals are separated on the marketability of their skills and the life chances they have had access to (Gerth & Mills eds. 2009). Finally, they may be explained through the Bourdieu school of thought whereby people are segregated on the basis of their social, cultural and economic ‘capital’ or influence and assets they possess (Bourdieu, 2013). These perspectives encapsulate the argument that inequality of employment prospects stems from the inherent incongruence that arises from the systematic categorisation within societies. This assertion is able to explain inequality to a large extent but cannot wholly…

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