Essay on Inequalities in health and illness

1527 Words Jan 13th, 2014 7 Pages
Explain patterned inequalities in health and illness. Evaluate sources of evidence with regards to class, gender, ethnicity and age

There are many different reasons why health inequalities exist due to many factors one extremely important one is social class. Socio-economic inequalities have been researched in the UK for many years. In the early 20th century the government started an occupational census which gave the researchers the opportunity to examine health outcomes of social class. The five class scheme was introduced in 1911 and a variation has been used since. In 2001 the National Statistics Socio Economic Classification replaced the older version. Social class is a name used to identify people who are similar in their income
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With regards to education people from lower classes have a poor level of education which could lead to a low paid job in comparison to the higher classes where they have access to the best education and private tutors. Accommodation can have a huge impact on a person’s life chances if they live in poor deprived area in cramped conditions this will impact on their overall physical and mental health.
Like gender and class having different ethnic groups do have different patterns of health and illness. For example people who are Afro Caribbean have a higher rate of sickle cell anemia. With people from Asian background having a higher rate of heart disease. The material approaches suggest that most ethnic groups are materially deprived and are from a low occupation grouping. Their jobs are in industries which is hazardous to their health.
Ethnic minorities tend to live in poor housing in comparison to the majority ethnic group. Blackburn (1991) found that ethnic minorities are more likely to be made unemployed and redundant. Brown (1984) found that ethnic minorities are more likely to be housed in very poor accommodation. So evidence shows that black people are more likely than any other group to live in high rise accommodation with no garden. Pakistani and Bangladeshi people tend to live in poor privately rented homes. They also tend to work long unsocial hours with overtime impacting on their health.

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