Industrialization Dbq Analysis

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The 19th century was a time of prosperity for cities all over Europe. With the rise of the Industrial Revolution, people migrated toward cities to pursue jobs created by factories and manufacturers. This migration started a whole new lifestyle for Europeans and with that lifestyle came new advancements and hardships for workers. One of the main cities of the Industrial Revolution in England was Manchester. Manchester grew rapidly and provided a home for many citizens of England. The growth of manchester reflected industrialization through the increase of wealth and decrease of mortality for people but it also proved to have many issues including distress for the poor, lower classes while the upper classes prospered and the amount of harm cities …show more content…
In a document by Frances Anne Kemble, she talks about the distinct differences between the factory laborers and the owners. There was great discontent throughout the lower classes with the government allowing for factory owners to treat them and pay them poorly while they had plenty of money. All the owners of the factories cared about was money and obtaining more machinery, that put many lower class laborers out of work, to have better productivity (doc 3). This document shows the unmistakable differences between the distress of the poor and the prosperity of the rich. After reading the account of the actress, it is clear Kemble’s purpose is to show the effects that industrialization has on all classes of the country. She wants to reveal the contrast between the lower and the upper classes to show how different it is. Her point is to show the divide between money and labor. With this divide, new labor divisions came about. Labor Unions were created to help workers obtain the laws and obligations they deserved from factory owners. These unions were originally shut down in the early 19th century but started to gain more momentum by the end of the century when specialized craft unions were created and parliament took away its ban on labor unions. Manchester to many was seen as a symbol of individual power. A French visitor to Manchester …show more content…
Factories and overcrowding caused harm to the land, water, and especially the air. In letters written by Robert Southey after visiting Manchester, he explained how dirty and crowded the cities were. He talked about the narrow streets and houses allowing for every bit of land to be taken up and all of the filth that came with the crowded conditions. Cities were also filled with disease that spread all over among the people (doc 1). Southey’s purpose in writing these letters is to share how crowded cities are becoming and to point out what has happened because this growth. He wants to spread the word that cities are becoming filthy and harmful places to live because of the damage done to the environment. Another person who shared this opinion was Friederich Engels. He wrote a whole essay, Industrial Manchester, on the toxic conditions in cities caused by overcrowding. Many others agreed with both of them including Edwin Chadwick. He reported that disease had engulfed the people through the harmful atmosphere, crowded spaces, and filth that was everywhere. This disease lead to death at young ages resulting in adults to live more reckless lifestyles (doc 5). The environment caused lots of harm to the people living in Manchester and impacted their daily lives. Living back then, people were always concerned with disease and they would have experienced an environment that caused sickness due to the

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