One of the most influential centuries during human history is the nineteenth century. During this century the world, especially Europe, experienced radical change--change that revolutionized the world, as everyone knew it to be. It was a century of war, of industrialization, of urbanization, and of nationalism. The major development of the nineteenth century was the Industrial Revolution. Every aspect of the nineteenth century is most likely directly influenced by the Industrial Revolution, from normal everyday life of commoners to the rulers of countries and major powers of Europe. The Industrial Revolution encompassed every area of nineteenth century Europe. Whether it was the technological marvels of the day that influenced European
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The wooden sailing ships of the time were both profitable and reliable, yet the early steamships did not turn a profit or offer reliability. In order for steamships to become the machines that we see today they needed several improvements. "These were the iron hull, the propeller, and the high-pressure engine." Once these improvements were implicated the steamships we know today began to be formed. The new iron ships beat their old wooden counterparts in many ways. Since iron is stronger than wood a smaller amount of iron could replace a larger amount of wood, this meant that the iron ships weighed less and could have more space for cargo. "The savings in the weight of the ship, and the additional cargo space, meant that sixty-five percent of the weight of a fully loaded iron ship could be cargo, compared with only fifty percent for a wooden ship. Its lightness also enabled an iron ship to go further on less energy, a major consideration for fuel-hungry steamers." These new ships brought about a new age of boating for commercialism and transportation, the "iron ships [were] not only more cost-
5 effective than wooden ones, but [were] safer as well." The emergence of the efficient steamships brought about a communications revolution with the ability to travel across the entire world faster, safer, and more cost-effectively.
While the Industrial Revolution fueled European Imperialism, it also fueled urbanization. Since the