Industrial Revolution Vs Scientific Revolution

678 Words 3 Pages
Venus Bahary
June 18, 2015
World History Final Essay

The Scientific Revolution was a time in which life saving medicine was produced, scientific ways of thinking were explored and a totally different shift of mindset was brought about. On the other hand, the Industrial Revolution was more about changing the way goods were produced (with new inventions) which changed the way people lived and worked. Despite the fact that both the Scientific Revolution and Industrial Revolution have shaped world history in substantial ways, the Scientific Revolution was more important because of the change in ideas that lead to important discoveries. During the Scientific Revolution, changes in ideas lead humans to begin dissecting humans for the first time.
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Rene Descartes, a French intellectual, who challenged traditional ideas, said that “human reason was capable of discovering and explaining the laws of nature and man”. This idea of ‘human reason’ paramounting tradition led to the start of the Enlightenment, a time of political awakening that eventually became revolution. This was a very important development because not only did it change ideas about the government that lead to systems we have created today (such as checks and balances) it also allowed for more religious freedom and separation of church and state (also some aspects of governments today). Before the Scientific Revolution, people’s ways of thinking were more about what they were told to do, by their rulers or based off of things they had read. During the revolution, people began actually thinking about what they thought about the world and the way things worked as individuals. Because of this shift in mindset, many new discoveries about the world around us had been made. Individuals such as Ptolemy developed ideas about the position of the Earth, scientists such as Galileo Galilei built the telescope. The world went from living in a small bubble to realizing we are are nothing but a grain of rice in the …show more content…
The printing press encouraged the dispersion of both old and new ideas more extensively among Europe’s thinkers. News, articles and books were able to travel around Europe at a much faster speed. At the time of revolution, the printing press allowed for people to publish books and articles about new scientific discoveries and theories. For example, Nicolas Copernicus was permitted to publish his heliocentrism theory called “De revolutionibus orbium coelestium “, and Andreas Vesalius was able to publish his theories on human anatomy, “De humani corporis fabrica”. One reason many people were educated about their theories is because they wrote them in books and articles. Since the printing press was available, those articles and books were conveniently published and spread all over Europe.
Humans could live without the mass production of clothes, cars for transportation and working in big factories instead of farms (as in the Industrial Revolution), but they could not live without the important ideas that were developed during the Scientific Revolution. Without these ideas we would be dying from fatal diseases, think much simpler and have much more terribly run governments than we do

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