Industrial Revolution Theories

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The Industrial Revolution and Its Accompanying Theories
Around 8000 years ago the world shifted to the Agricultural Revolution where we had at last achieved a surplus of food and goods. This had been done by harnessing the power of servitude through animals and slaves. Now that this boundary had been crossed, mankind was once again thirsty for more and 250 years ago, with the invention of engines and machinery, the Industrial Revolution was born.
Although child labor was in effect prior to the Industrial Revolution, it was not in the extreme. For example, family businesses would include all members of the family unit to work together as a team to maintain a living. Although, this did include children, it was in a safe and controlled environment. However, with the emergence of the Industrial Revolution, children became an exploited resource for cheap labor. In fact, up until the 1830’s children as young as 4 were employed in all manners of employment, including, mines, factories and mills. This shameful practice continued until at last the elite and middleclass managed to encourage that a law be passed, preventing children under 9 from working.
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An obvious example of this would be surplus, which had previously been dependent on the human pace. However, now with the invention of the engine, human pace would now be replaced with the efficiency of machinery. Accordingly, now that the assembly of goods could be made predictable by the uniformity of ‘the machine,’ time management became ever-more efficient, thus beginning mass production. With mass production developing into mass distribution, those with more currency were now able to acquire goods in excess –in comparison to their peers- thus creating social differences. An example of these differences was introduced by Karl

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