Essay about Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

1173 Words Mar 11th, 2011 5 Pages
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was initially passed in 1975. Prior to the passage of the IDEA, many people with disabilities were denied access to public education and many were relegated to institutions. The IDEA guarantees individuals with disabilities a free and appropriate education (FAPE) in a least restrictive environment (LRE). The IDEA is a great piece of legislation that has evolved as it has gone through reauthorization. The many facets of the IDEA help to shape the manner in which teachers facilitate classroom instruction and manage classroom activities.

In 1975, United State Congress passed a law that was conceived to defend the rights of
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The IDEA generally defines a child with a disability as:

a child (i) with mental retardation, hearing impairments (including deafness), speech or language impairments, visual impairments (including blindness), serious emotional disturbance, ... orthopedic impairments, autism, traumatic brain injury, other health impairments, or specific learning disabilities; and (ii) who, by reason, thereof, needs special education and related services (United State Department of Education, 2004).

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act was reauthorized into law on June 4, 1997. This law was put into place to strengthen academic programs and hold educators accountable for ensuring that children with disabilities receive a proper education. This law was also intended to bridge the gap between what children with disabilities learn and what is actually required in the regular curriculum. IDEA strived not only to ensure a proper public education, but this law was also put into place to provide additional special education services and procedural safeguards. IDEA grants increased parental participation and protection for students with special needs. IDEA entitles a child suspected of suffering from a disability to a comprehensive evaluation by a multi-disciplinary team. The parents

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