Individualism And Classical Liberalism In Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby

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Individualists often believes that humans are born with their unique status, therefore, based on their different successability, each of them could achieve their ultimate goal. However, for those who are not success enough, they will be eliminated by the society. The speaker of the source highly suggests the ideology of the individualism and would most strongly agree with a classical liberalism society. Classical liberalism is a political ideology that enhances civil liberties and political freedom, which will often tied with capitalism. Adam Smith, the father of economics suggested that government control stifled economic growth, self- interest would lead business firms to produce only those products that consumers wanted at the lowest possible …show more content…
Capitalists like Smith would most agree with that the age of Roaring 20s was a great success in the American history, the nation’s total wealth more than doubled during this era; great freedom during this time arises many new ideologies toward a modern society. The success of the “new women”, the birth of “Mass Culture”, and the “Jazz Age” all benefited the society as a way to approach a brand new world. In the novel “The Great Gatsby”, Gatsby is a brave man who gain success from this capitalist society. However, this glorious mirage hidden the fact that the inequality between wealth and poor are dramatically increasing during this time. The “Valley of Ashes” in the novel represents the absolute poverty and hopelessness, “This is a valley of ashes – a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens; where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and, finally, with a transcendent effort, of ash-grey men, who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air.”(pg.26, The Great …show more content…
Welfare capitalism is the practice of businesses freely in the market but providing welfare services to their employees. Within such a state, government usually provide a social safety net to their citizens. This safety net usually including welfare, unemployment benefit, universal health care, homeless shelters, and subsidized services such as public transport, in order to ensure basic standard of life of all without interfere with people’s individual life. Business are given their best profit motive to extend the wealth of nations, employees are provided with the best services to ensure their sustainability, and people are truly free with their personal choices as long as they are not harming the society and others. An example of country with a welfare capitalism is the United States. As one of the biggest leading country of the whole world, United States ensures their citizens basic needs which allows their citizens to live without poverty. Their economic system ensures the wealth of the nation is also at the top of the world, some companies such as Walmart, Apple, GMC, etc all have their headquarters in the United States. People are marks the same identity regardless of their race, jobs, and gender, while they can all among their best for their own

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