Indigestion In Food

1514 Words 7 Pages
INTRODUCTION:
Indigestion is difficulty digesting food; it causes pain or discomfort in the stomach. Most commonly, people suffer from indigestion by overeating, drinking alcohol while eating, or eating greasy, fried or spicy foods. Acid in the stomach helps digest food and prevents infection. Mucus lines the stomach, bowel and oesophagus and acts as a barrier against the acid. If the layer of mucous gets damaged, the stomach acid can aggravate and cause inflammation to the stomach; this leads to indigestion or heartburn. Antacids are medicines that can relieve symptoms of indigestion by neutralising the acid in the stomach. They are made up of bases and carbonates and can be taken as a liquid or a tablet. Another way to minimise the risk of indigestion is by avoiding overly spicy, greasy or fried foods, not overeating, and by avoiding lying down right after a meal. The three antacids that were tested were Mylanta, DeWitt 's and Nancy 's Home Remedy. Mylanta contains magnesium hydroxide, aluminium hydroxide, simethicone and mannitol. The packaging claims that it is double strength and fast to relieve indigestion and heartburn. DeWitt 's is mostly made of sodium
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Mylanta is made out of magnesium hydroxide and aluminium hydroxide. Magnesium hydroxide has a pH of 9-10.5, but in water it is no higher than 7. Aluminium hydroxide has aproximately a pH of 7.7. Out of all three antacids Mylanta is the only one that is insoluble. Insoluble and weaker antacids are safer to use because their effect is released slowly. They still have an effect on the acid in the stomach, thus relieving indigestion, but is not strong enough to hurt the person. In comparison, a soluble and stronger base can end up destroying body organs. It can go into the bloodstream and change the pH of the blood from neutral to more alkaline. As in the case of consuming Mylanta the pH of the blood would not exceed

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