Indigenous Housing : A Study Of Australian Aboriginal Homes Essay
Dome or egg shaped shelters are a traditional construction method seen in Australian Aboriginal settlements. The permanent buildings were better constructed with mud and grass used to waterproof the walls and roofs. Many of the houses had walls made of stone with clay infill incorporated to minimize flooding and leaking. The dome shaped form of the Aboriginal stone engineering was considered very warm during colder times of the year. They were constructed as big as 3.6 meters in diameter and up to 2.4 meters in height. A hole was often seen in the roof to let smoke escape and animal hyde helped keep rain from penetrating here. Rugs made from possum skin covered the floor in many of these structures. Some of these buildings were even decorated with feathers.
The layout of the Aboriginal villages must have been based on kinship patterns(Fig-1). Some buildings were used only for ceremonial rituals and some only for storage. Stone engineering also brought forth fish and eel traps. The location of the villages was often found near fig trees and freshwater for fishing purposes. Often, the same house housed the same group of people for very long periods of time.
Topography. Australia is mainly low, flat, and dry. It has a fairly low average rainfall with the tropics and coastlines receiving the most. Around twenty percent of the country/continent consists of desert and few mountains exist.…